Course Catalog




    “Nobody can prevent you from choosing to be exceptional.”—Mark Sanborn, The Fred Factor


    First things first…FAQs about using this course catalog ........................................................ 4

    WHAT IS A COURSE CATALOG? ................................................................................................. 4

    NEXT UP…REGISTERING FOR COURSES – THE STEPS TO TAKE IN ..................................... 4

    COURSE SELECTION PROCESS ................................................................................................... 6

    PLANNING YOUR FUTURE --- THE FOUR YEAR COURSE PLANNER ................................. 7

    Four Year Course Planner ........................................................................................................... 7

    Four Year Course Planner ........................................................................................................... 8 PSAT ............................................................................................................................................... 9


    Art ................................................................................................................................................. 11

    BOCES Career & Technical Education Programs ................................................................... 13

    Business ........................................................................................................................................ 15 English .......................................................................................................................................... 17 LOTE (Languages Other Than English) .................................................................................. 21 Mathematics ................................................................................................................................ 23 Music ............................................................................................................................................. 27 Physical Education ..................................................................................................................... 28 Science .......................................................................................................................................... 29 Social Studies ............................................................................................................................... 32 Technology .................................................................................................................................. 35 Supplemental Learning Supports and Services ...................................................................... 37

    “Nobody can prevent you from choosing to be exceptional.”—Mark Sanborn, The Fred Factor




    1. Talk to your teachers about your course interests.
    2. Attend your meeting with your school counselor. Parents will be invited to attend as well.
    3. Know which courses are needed to complete the requirements for a Regents diploma.
    4. Try to select courses that will earn you an Advanced Regents diploma.
    5. Select courses.
    6. Start to complete any requirements necessary for courses (this may included advanced reading).
    7. Parents should call the Counseling Center if questions arise. Phone: 757-9967 extension 2111






    Students enrolled in Drawing, Painting, Psychology, Sociology, Trigonometry, Pre-Calculus, College

    Algebra, Calculus, Math IV, CAD, Manufacturing, and Intro to Engineering earn 3 credits of college credit from Genesee Community College upon completing the course with a passing grade and having fulfilled all registration and payment requirements as set forth by GCC.  


    Students enrolled in AP courses: AP Environmental Science, AP English Literature, AP World and AP United States History may be granted 3 college credits at the college or university they attend if they earn a score of 3, 4, or 5 on the AP exam given for the course in May, given at a cost of $89 per exam.



    Honor Roll for Grades 7-12, the subjects to be included in the averaging are all scheduled classes. Honor Roll and High Honor Roll are calculated based on the number of classes per week for a required subject, i.e. Spanish 5 times a week, JrHS PE 2 times a week. Thus, a 90 in physical education does not have the same "value" in the average that a 90 in French does.

    • High Honor for Grades 7-12: An average of 95 or above
    • Honor Grades for 7-12: An average of 90 or above
    • Merit Grades for 7-12: An average of 85 or above

    Note: Honor roll will be determined using weighted grades



    The NCAA provides rules for the student athlete at the college level. Students endorsed by the NCAA require a minimum 2.0 average in high school and in college. College preparatory courses and certain grades on standardized tests are mandated. 



    These are requirements for entering specific programs or levels of classes. 



    The Elba Central School District Board of Education is committed to encouraging high school students to take advanced courses, inclusive of courses with the AP designation, dual-credit college courses, and courses taken to earn an Advanced Regents diploma. The Board recognizes that a student may choose not to take these types of courses due to that student’s concern that in so doing, the student’s class ranking will be adversely impacted. To promote enrollment in and to give recognition to the academic quality of advanced courses, the Board adopts the following system to be used in determining the class rank and honor roll of each high school student. 


    • Annually a grade point average will be calculated for each student based on the credit and grade assigned for each high school level course. Courses which are designated as Advanced Placement (AP) 1.10 weighting, dual-credit college courses weighted at 1.05, and advanced Regents courses in science and math will be proportionately weighted by 07 in the determination of the student’s grade point average.


    Class rank, for the purposes of reporting final standing, inclusive of the class distinction of valedictorian and salutatorian, will be calculated at the 40-week mark or final semester of the senior year, weighted grades will be used to determine class rank. Class rank is cumulative from 9th grade or any high school level course taken in middle school.  



    These are extra help classes that support the academic subjects. Students are assigned based upon grades, teacher recommendation, counselor recommendation, or by parent request. For some students, these classes are mandatory academic intervention services. 



    This is a permanent record of academic achievement that is sent to colleges and prospective employers of an Elba graduate. It displays final course grades, Regents exam scores and the overall grade point average. 



    Is a state achievement test based upon syllabi prescribed by the State Education Department. 



    Means Languages Other Than English. 



    Is the supervisory bureau of the New York State Department of Education. 



    Students will have seven school days to drop/add classes at the start of either a new semester or new school year. Any changes beyond those seven days require special permission of the principal.










    Four Year Course Planner  

    Please note—courses which are not part of the required core may be offered only when there is sufficient enrollment. (Courses in bold are required. Sequence requirements must be discussed with your counselor.)


    Course Selection

    Freshman Year

    Sophomore Year

    Junior Year

    Senior Year








    English (Regents)






    Global History

    & Geography 9


    Global History &

    Geography 10



    US History



    Social Studies




    Math (Regents)


    (Recommended Regents)


    (Recommended Regents)




    Science (Regents)


    (Recommended Regents)


    (Recommended Regents)





    Lab/Physical Education


    Lab/Physical Education


    Lab/Physical Education


    Lab/Physical Education



    Foreign Language

    Foreign Language

    Foreign Language (Recommended)

    Foreign Language (Recommended)




    Health 10 (Either/Or)


    Health 12 (Either/Or)
























    End-of-Course Tests (EOC)

    These tests are required by our district in specified courses. 


    Regents Exams

    These mandated exams are required by the State.

    Please see section entitled Regents examinations. 


    Career & Technical Education End-of-

    Course Tests

    Some CTE programs offered through BOCES mandate testing in certain classes. Students are required to take the test or in some cases, meet a minimal number of training hours. Scores may be counted towards a student’s final grade in the CTE course for which an exam is given. 


    GCC College Placement Tests

    Students planning to enroll at GCC may need to take a placement test, which is an adaptive computer-based skills tests that consists of reading, writing, and mathematics. 


    Advanced Placement Tests (AP)

    AP tests, which are administered in May, are required for students who are enrolled in Advanced Placement courses and desire college credit. Substantial college credit may be earned by attaining the scores required by a given college. Students should consult their selected college or university for specific information. In addition, students may earn recognition from the College Board for outstanding achievement on multiple tests with an AP Scholar Award, AP Scholar with Honor Award, or AP Scholar with Distinction Award. 


    The PSAT, a preliminary test for the Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT), offers students valuable testing experience and specific feedback on test results. The test is available at no cost (one time only) to students in their junior year at Elba JrSr High School. It is recommended that students complete a course in Geometry prior to sitting for this exam. In order to quality for National Merit Scholarship or National Achievement, the student must take the test during the junior year. Students are encouraged to take the PSAT in the ninth or tenth grades, study their results, and retake the test in the junior year.



    The SAT or Scholastic Assessment Test is a test often used in the college admissions process. Students should check with the college or university to determine if the test is required. Students should consult the counseling office to receive information about SAT administration dates and review opportunities. 






    Regents Diploma


    Regents Diploma with Advanced Designation

    Regents Diploma with

    Honors or Advanced

    Designation with Honors




    4 Credits


    4 Credits


    Score of 90 or above on

    English comprehensive Regents exam


    Social Studies


    4 Credits


    4 Credits


    Score of 90 or above on

    Global History Regents exam and US History





    3 Credits


    3 Credits


    Score of 90 or above on all Mathematics Regents





    3 Credits



    3 Credits



    Score of 90 or above on all Science Regents exams



    The Arts

    1 Credit


    1 Credit





    .5 Credit


    .5 Credit





    1 Credit


    3 Credits





    5 – Unit Sequence in CTE or the Arts




    5 Credits




    Physical Education

    2 Credits


    2 Credits




    Electives (including

    CTE, Business, or additional core courses)


    .5 Credits



     *** Pathways diploma requirements allow students to substitute a Social Studies Regents exam with a CTE certified exam and program certificate. 


    Visual Art

    In order to meet the NYSED requirements for earning a Regents Diploma all students must earn one unit of credit in the arts (including visual arts, music, dance and theatre). Each of the commencement level Art courses are designed and based on the learning standards of New York State for the arts.  


               7th GRADE ART                                                      Grade: 7 Length: ½ Year                                                   

    A twenty-week course in fundamental study of art elements and principals. Previous material learned in grades K-6 will be reviewed and applied to projects more challenging in nature. New concepts will also be explored. This course provides the foundation for future study in art at the high school level. Students will gain experience working with a wide variety of art media.


              STUDIO IN ART                    Grades: 8-12      Length: 1 Year   1 Credit    

    Prerequisites: None (Art experience from K-7 grades)

    Meets every day for a full class period. Course curriculum based on fundamental art elements and principles. Manipulation of several art media explored. Course also studies art history from pre-historic to modern times.



    DRAWING 110                      Grade: 9-12 (College Credit if desired)

    Length: 1 Year 1 Credit

    Prerequisite: Studio in Art preferred

    Meets every day for a full class period (2 semesters). Course curriculum introduces fundamental drawing concepts including: space, shape, and value. These concepts are applied to greater levels of difficulty throughout the course. Weekly sketchbook assignment required.



    05155         PAINTING                    Grade: 9-12 (College Credit if desired) Length: 1 Year              1 Credit

    Prerequisite: Studio in Art, Drawing preferred                                                                       

    Meets every day for a full class period (2 semesters). Course curriculum explores varying types of paint, primarily tempera, acrylic, and watercolor. Drawing skills utilized to plan for paintings on several working surfaces. Weekly sketchbook assignment required.



    05167           PHOTOGRAPHY      Grade: 11 & 12  Length: ½ Year .5 Credit

    Prerequisite: None

    Meets every day for a full class period (one semester). Course curriculum covers basic photography concepts including basic camera operation, film processing, developing prints, and learning photographic composition.  


    05170         ART PORTFOLIO         Grade: 11-12 Length: 1 Year          1 Credit

    Prerequisite: Drawing 110, Painting 114 Preferred

    Meets every day for a full class period (two semesters). Course allows students to work on a self-guided basis. Projects are developed and executed by the student. Minimum of three completed projects per 10 week period. Final portfolio evaluated and graded as an exam.







































    BOCES Career & Technical Education Programs

    The Genesee Valley Board of Cooperative Educational Services (B.O.C.E.S.) has a career and technical education program at its Batavia campus. Most students who take any of the variety of programs offered will attend Elba for half the school day and their career and technical program for the other half of the day. Depending on their program, students may be in attendance at BOCES during the first half of the school day in the morning (am) or the second half of the school day in the afternoon (pm). BOCES students are transported to and from Elba. Morning students traditionally leave Elba after the end of first period (8:30 am) for the morning program and return at the end of fifth period (11:35 am). Afternoon students traditionally leave Elba after fifth period (11:35 am) and return to school at the end of the school day (3:00 pm). 


    Students who successfully complete an approved career and technical education program earn a technical endorsement (seal) on their diploma by:


    • Completing all high school graduation requirements, including Regents or approved alternatives
    • Completing a work based experience and employability profile
    • Passing a state or national technical assessment (assessments are subject to change)
    • Students who receive this endorsement can be proud of achieving challenging academic and industry standards.


    CTE endorsements are highly valued by prospective employees in particular for students entering the work force directly upon graduating from Elba. 


    The location of the Batavia campus is: Batavia Campus   8250 State Street Road   Batavia, NY 14020         Phone: (585) 344-7711


    2019-2020 COURSES


                 Career and Technical Programs

                        Animal Science                                   Auto Trades

                            Automotive Technology

                            Building Trades

                            Computer Information Systems

                            Conservation/Heavy Equipment


                            Criminal Justice

                            Culinary Arts


                            Graphic Arts

                            Health Dimensions

                            Human Services

                            Metal Trades




    Academy programs are for highly motivated junior and senior students. Students must fill out an application and be accepted based on attendance and academics. Academy programs are traditionally a collaborative with Genesee Community College (GCC) in which students generally earn college credit, anywhere from 15-18 credits. As part of these programs, students also participate in multiple job shadow and cooperative work programs. 


    Health Careers Academy Information Technology Academy Legal Careers Academy








































    The Elba High School Business Curriculum is designed for those seeking a general understanding of the world of business.  Each course helps to develop individual interests while applying authentic learning experiences by linking curriculum content to the real world. Employability and life skills will be enhanced to meet the challenges of tomorrow. Students who wish to pursue a business-related college major are urged to enroll in business classes throughout high school.


    Students may take a business class to fulfill the electives component of a Regents or Advanced Regents diploma. Students may also elect to take a 5-unit sequence in Business in lieu of the 3 unit LOTE requirement in pursuit of an Advanced Regents Diploma. 


    CAREER & FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT Grade: 10-12 Length: ½ Year  


    Career & Educational Planning (.5 year) (CEP 101 – 3 GCC College Credits)

    This course allows students to identify their strengths and weaknesses, explore colleges, research careers, develop a resume, learn job interviewing techniques, and develop an individual careen plan for their future.


    Personal Money Management (.5 year) (BUS 110 – 3 GCC College Credits)

    A must for any student who desires to learn about managing money in all stages of their lives. Students learn about college loans, debt, investments, credit, automobiles, mortgages, taxes, and the cost of living.


    KEYBOARDING & COMPUTERS                  Grade: 7/8                  


    Keyboarding                    Length: ½ Year

    Develop personal computer & keyboarding skills that you can use immediately for other school assignments. This course includes frequent drills that allow students to type faster and more accurately after completion.


    Computer Applications         Length: ½ year

    Students will learn how to navigate a computer more effectively by learning various applications. Covers Microsoft Word, Excel, PowerPoint, as well as the Google suite of applications.


    PRINCIPLES OF BUSINESS   Grades: 10-12                   


    Principles of Business    Length: ½ year                  (BUS 101 – 3 College Credits)

    Students will create and operate their own virtual business while learning about basic business concepts. Each class will compete against other virtual businesses and schools through GCC’s Virtual Business competition.


    Entrepreneurship      Length: ½ year          (BUS 101 – 3 College Credits)

    Introduces students to the basics of business by being an entrepreneur. Each individual will learn about topics including marketing, sales, administration, accounting, human resource, while having the opportunity to apply their skills and develop their own business idea.


    12054              BUSINESS LAW Grades 9-12               Length: 1 Year          .5 Credit          

    Business Law emphasizes legal concepts that are relevant to business and business organizations. Topics examined typically include contracts, buying/renting property, installment buying, insurance, buyer/seller relationships, negotiable instruments, employment, taxes, insurance, commercial papers, legal organizational structures, and consumer liabilities.








    Students must complete four (4) units of credit in English language arts to earn a Regents or Advanced Regents diploma. During the freshman, sophomore, junior, and senior year’s students are required to take a full-year course in English. 


    General Guidelines:

    It is important for you to keep the following guidelines in mind so that you plan your program wisely:

    1. You are expected to be enrolled in an English class each semester you are in high school.


    1. You are expected to complete a minimum of four units of English. Listed below are courses needed to fulfill your English requirements.
      1. English 9
      2. English 10
      3. English 11
      4. English 12R


    1. Students wishing to pursue Advanced Placement English should follow the sequence below:
      1. English 9 at 9th grade
      2. English 10 at 10th grade
      3. English 11 or AP English Language and Composition
      4. English 12 or AP English Literature and Composition


    Examination Requirements:

    To fufill Regents or Advanced Regents diploma requirements, all students must sit for and pass the Common Core English Comprehensive Regents examination in grade 11. 


    51035        ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS 7     Grade: 7       Length: 1 Year

    English language arts 7 emphasizes development in the Common Core State Standards strands of reading, writing, speaking, language and listening.. In this course, students learn, develop, and apply higher levels of reading, writing, and speaking skills. Students spend more time using close reading strategies to gather evidence from texts that they use to frame their conclusions and understandings. Additionally, students are required to write frequently, using a precise and concise writing style. There is an overall emphasis placed on improving reading Lexile measures for every student.  




    51036         ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS 8  Grade: 8         Length: 1 Year

    English language arts 8 is aligned with the Common Core State Standards and emphasizes the strands of reading, writing, language, speaking, and listening. The course prepares students for the rigors of 9th grade English and serves as the foundation for cultivating 21st century literacy. Students spend considerable time analyzing fictional and non-fiction texts, using close reading strategies to locate evidence in support of their analyses. Reading and writing is done at high levels requiring students to determine an author’s point of view while discussing these in various ways. Students complete different performance tasks that support their writing skills. An overall emphasis is placed on improving each students Lexile measure range.    



    01001 ENGLISH/LANGUAGE ARTS I (9TH GRADE)              Grade: 9  Length: 1 Year  1 Credit                                                  

    The English/Language Arts I (9th grade) course builds upon students’ prior knowledge gained during ELA classes. The work we do this year will give you a great headstart on the skills you need to be truly successful on the 1th grade Regents exam. You will…

    • Learn how embed evidence from the text to support a claim
    • Analyze tests to understand a broader, hidden meaning
    • Think critically about theme, characterization, setting, and symbols
    • Write lengthy responses that draw from multiple sources of information
    • Improve grammar and vocabulary skills
    • Gain confidence when speaking


    01002  ENGLISH/LANGUAGE ARTS II (10TH GRADE)          Grade 10  Length: 1 Year  1 Credit                                                                                                                                   

    The English/Language Arts II (10th grade) course offers a balanced focus on composition and literature. Students learn about the alternate aims and audiences of written compositions by writing persuasive, critical, and creative multi-paragraph essays and compositions. Through the study of various genres of literature, students can improve their reading rate and comprehension and develop the skills to determine the author’s intent and theme and to recognize the techniques used by the author to deliver his or her message.


    01003CC        ENGLISH/LANGUAGE ARTS III COMMON CORE (11TH GRADE) Grade 11  Length: 1 Year          1 Credit                                   

    The English/Language Arts III Common Core (11th grade) course continues to develop students’ writing skills, emphasizing clear, logical writing patterns, word choice, and usage, as students write essays and begin to learn the techniques of writing research papers. Students continue to read works of literature, which often form the backbone of the writing assignments. Literary conventions and stylistic devices may receive greater emphasis than in previous courses. An emphasis is placed on analyzing and engaging with non-fiction texts. The English/Language Arts III (11th grade) Common Core course also provides instruction designed to prepare students for the Regents Exam in English Language Arts (Common Core).


    01004  ENGLISH/LANGUAGE ARTS IV (12TH GRADE)        Grade 12  Length: 1 Year 1 Credit                                                                                                                                       

    The English/Language Arts IV (12th grade) course exposes students to English applications. Potential topics of study are sports literature, cinema studies, public policy, and writing for careers. The course will include plenty of reading, writing, and discussions.



    11-12 Length: 1 Year            1 Credit

    Following the College Board’s suggested curriculum designed to parallel college-level English courses, AP English Literature and Composition courses enable students to develop critical standards for evaluating literature. Students study the language, character, action, and theme in works of recognized literary merit; enrich their understanding of connotation, metaphor, irony, syntax, and tone; and write compositions of their own (including literary analysis, exposition, argument, narrative, and creative writing). 


                                        AP ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION

    The AP course in Language and Composition will follow the guidelines stipulated by The College Board and require “expository, analytical, and argumentative writing assignments that are based on readings representing a wide variety of prose styles and genres.” The course will emphasize critical thinking, analysis, and synthesis of ideas presented by authors. In class readings will pull from a broad range of non-fiction essays, film clips, excerpts, political cartoons, editorials, speeches, etc. Students will take both AP exam in May and the Common Core English Regents Exam in June.


    01203        ENGLISH – TEST PREPARATION        Grades: 10-12

                Length: ½ Year         .5 Credit

    The English—Test preparation course provides students with activities in analytical thinking and with the skills and strategies associated with standardized test taking. Topics covered include vocabulary, reading comprehension, and writing strategies, as well as time management, scoring procedures, and dealing with stress. Course materials may include ACT, SAT and PSAT review materials, current assessment software programs, and previous standardized examinations.



    01104         CREATIVE WRITING           Grades: 10-12  Length: ½ Year  .5 Credit

    The Creative Writing course offers students the opportunity to develop and improve their technique and individual style in poetry, short story, drama, essays, and other forms of prose. The emphasis of the course is on writing; however, students may study exemplary representations and authors to obtain a fuller appreciation of the form and craft. Although most creative writing classes cover several expressive forms, others concentrate exclusively on one particular form (such as poetry or playwriting).


    01151         PUBLIC SPEAKING    Grades: 9-12  Length: ½ Year  .5 Credit  

    The Public Speaking course enables students, through practice, to develop communication skills that can be used in a variety of speaking situations (such as small and large group discussions, delivery of lectures or speeches in front of audiences, and so on). Course topics include (but are not limited to) research and organization, writing for verbal delivery, stylistic choices, visual and presentation skills, analysis and critique, and development of self-confidence.


    01008            ENGLISH AS A NEW LANGUAGE  Grades: 7-12 Length: 1


    The English as a New Language (ENL) course is designed for the acquisition and mastery of the English language. ENL classes are required for students who are learning English as a new language. Students receive English language development instruction and content area support from a certified ENL teacher. In an ENL program, language arts and content-area instruction are taught in English using specific ENL instructional strategies. Students progress academically in all content areas while they acquire English. The goal for each student is to become proficient in the English language through reading, writing, listening, and speaking. Once students achieve proficient, they transition out of the ENL class and are monitored for continued academic success.

    LOTE (Languages Other Than English) 

    Elba High School offers Spanish. These courses are excellent preparation for students who like to understand, speak, read and write a language and who are preparing themselves for careers in mathematics, music, science, business, travel, teaching, international law, interpreting, and almost any other career. All students continuing to study a language require the recommendation of the teacher of the previous year’s course. Advanced Placement courses are available in Spanish. Advanced Placement courses are college courses taught to high school students who may gain either college credit or advanced college standing, or both, while enrolled in high school.



    06101         SPANISH  I                   Grades: 7 or 8            Length: ½ Year

    The Spanish I course is designed to introduce students to Spanish language and culture. Spanish I courses emphasize basic grammar and syntax, simple vocabulary, and the spoken accent so that students can read, write, speak, and understand the language at a basic level within predictable areas of need, using customary courtesies and conventions. Spanish culture is introduced through the art, literature, customs, and history of Spanish-speaking people.


    06102         SPANISH II                       Grade: 9         Length: 1 Year          1 Credit

    The Spanish II course builds upon skills developed in Spanish I, extending students’ ability to understand and express themselves in Spanish and increasing their vocabulary. Typically, students learn how to engage in discourse for informative or social purposes, write expressions or passages that show understanding of sentence construction and the rules of grammar, and comprehend the language when spoken slowly. Students usually explore the customs, history, and art forms of Spanish-speaking people to deepen their understanding of the culture(s).


    06103         SPANISH III                 Grade: 10       Length: 1 Year          1 Credit

    The Spanish III course focuses on having students express increasingly complex concepts both verbally and in writing while showing some spontaneity. Comprehension goals for students may include attaining more facility and faster understanding when listening to the language spoken at normal rates, being able to paraphrase or summarize written passages, and conversing easily within limited situations.


    06104         SPANISH IV Pre-AP    Grade: 11       Length: 1 Year          1 Credit

    The Spanish IV course focuses on advancing students’ skills and abilities to read, write, speak, and understand the Spanish language so that they can maintain simple conversations with sufficient vocabulary and an acceptable accent, have sufficient comprehension to understand speech spoken at a normal pace, read uncomplicated but authentic prose, and write narratives that indicate a good understanding of grammar and a strong vocabulary.


    SPANISH V – AP SPANISH Grade: 12   Length: 1 Year   1 Credit

    This course is part of a national program sponsored by the College Entrance Examination Board which has been recognized by many prestigious colleges and universities. The amount of credit and the opportunity for exemption are based on the student’s performance on the Advanced Placement exam in May. The course content may include the arts, history, current events, literature, culture, sports and intensive grammar review. Materials may consist of recordings, films, newspapers, magazines and texts.



    The new core of the Mathematics curriculum is the New York State Integrated Algebra/ Geometry/ Algebra II with Trigonometry curricula. Courses based on these new curricula are now being offered at various levels in order to provide each student, regardless of ability level, a viable course offering. The New York State Mathematics program is designed to help students study mathematical situations from several perspectives. The program also represents a shift in emphasis that reflects technological changes such as increased calculator use as well as an increase in the use of statistics. Due to changes in the New York State regulations, students enrolled in courses based on the new Integrated Algebra/Geometry/Algebra II with Trigonometry curricula are required to use a graphing calculator.


    52037         MATH 7              Grade: 7          Length: 1 Year

    52038         MATH 8                Grade: 8        Length: 1 Year                                                            


    General Course Objectives: Give students the foundation to be successful in their high school math; Help students to become problem solvers by learning to use appropriate tools and

    strategies; Teach students how to communicate and reason mathematically Course Content: Junior High Math is divided into five content strands.

    Number Sense and Operations: number systems, operations, number theory and estimation Algebra: variables and expressions, equations and inequalities, patterns and functions

    Geometry: shapes, geometric relationships, transformational geometry, coordinate geometry Measurement: metric and U. S. customary credits of measurement

    Statistics and Probability: organization and display of data, analysis of data, predictions from data and probability

    State Examinations: Students are assessed by New York State exams in May of Grade 7 and again in May of Grade 8.  These exams will determine if AIS services are necessary the following year, as well as to help in the placement decision for high school math.



    02053        ALGEBRA 1 – PART 1  Grade: 9  Length: 1 Year   1 Credit                    

    The integrated Algebra course includes the study of properties and operations of the real number system; evaluating rational algebraic expressions; solving and graphic first degree equations and inequalities; translating word problems into equations; operations with and factoring of polynomials; and solving simple quadratic equations.


    The Integrated Algebra (Common Core) course provides instruction designed to prepare students for the Regents Examination in Algebra 1 (Common Core).


    02072CC        GEOMETRY (COMMON CORE)                            Grade: 10 

    Length: 1 Year                      1 Credit                                 

    The Geometry course, emphasizing an abstract, formal approach to the study of geometry, typically includes topics such as properties of plane and solid figures; deductive methods of reasoning and use of logic; geometry as an axiomatic system including the study of postulates, theorems, and formal proofs; concepts of congruence, similarity, parallelism, perpendicularity, and proportion; and rules of angle measurement in triangles.                                                                                                            


    The Geometry (Common Core) course provides instruction designed to prepare students for the Regents Examination in Geometry (Common Core).


    FOUNDATIONS OF GEOMETRY           Grade: 10-11  Length: 1 Year  1 Credit

    This course provides in-depth study of algebra and geometry, builds on topics covered in middle school, and prepares students to take geometry. The course is designed to reinforce Algebra concepts and skills, explore connections to geometry through algebraic situations, and extend student understanding of algebraic reasoning to build a solid foundation in geometric relationships. Students must earn a passing grade in the class and on a comprehensive final examination in order to receive credit for the course. 


    02106         ALGEBRA II                          Grade: 11-12  Length: 1 Year  1 Credit     Students may earn 3 GCC Credits (Math 136 Algebra III)

    Prerequisite: Regents Algebra I Exam, Regents Geometry Exam

    Algebra II/Trig is a full year, Regents level course, with the NYS Algebra II/Trig exam given in June.  Passing the Algebra II/Trig Regents is required for Advanced Distinction upon graduation.  While developing the algebraic techniques that will be required of those students that continue their study of mathematics, this course is also intended to continue developing alternative solution strategies and algorithms.  


    Within this course, the number system will be extended to include imaginary and complex numbers.  The families of functions to be studied will include polynomial, absolute value, radical, trigonometric, exponential, and logarithmic functions.  Problem situations involving direct and indirect variation will be solved. Problems resulting in systems of equations will be solved graphically and algebraically. Algebraic techniques will be developed to facilitate rewriting mathematical expressions into multiple equivalent forms.  Data analysis will be extended to include measures of dispersion and the analysis of regression.  Associated correlation coefficients will be determined, using technology tools and interpreted as a measure of strength of the relationship.  Arithmetic and geometric sequences will be expressed in multiple forms, and their series will be evaluated.  Binomial experiments will provide the basis for the study of probability theory and the normal probability distribution will be analyzed and used as an approximation for these binomial experiments.  Right triangle trigonometry will be expanded to include the investigation of circular functions.  Problem situations requiring the use of trigonometric equations and identities will also be investigated.


    MATH-TEST PREPARATION Grades: 11-12  Length: ½ Year  .5 Credit

    Math Test Preparation is offered every other day and takes the place of a study hall.  All required work is completed during class.  Students practice taking SAT and ACT exams under realistic testing conditions and have the chance to see correct solutions and monitor their own progress as they become more familiar with test taking strategies and obtain additional practice.  Students will be able to compare their results with an original baseline test score.  Students are also encouraged to browse through the College Board Book of Majors and to investigate various colleges and universities which offer majors which appeal to them and to note the average ACT/SAT scores of accepted students.     


    02055         COLLEGE ALGEBRA         Grades: 10-12  Length: 1 Year  1 Credit Students may earn 3 GCC Credits

    Prerequisite: Pass Regents Algebra I Exam

    College Algebra is a full year course, with the local exam given in June.  Topics include solving first degree inequalities, introduction to functions, linear equations in two variables, systems of two or three linear equations and inequalities, polynomial operations and factoring, algebraic fractions, variation, rational equations and proportions, rational exponents and radical expressions, complex numbers, radical equations, and four methods for solving quadratics, with emphasis on problem solving and applications throughout the course.  Project work is emphasized and the majority of the work is completed during class.


    COLLEGE TRIGONOMETRY  Grade: 11  Length: 1 Year

    1 Credit Students may earn 3 GCC Credits

    Prerequisite: Pass Geometry Course

    College Trigonometry is a full year course, with the local exam given in June.  Advanced algebraic techniques are developed to use in applied trigonometry problems.  Right triangle trigonometry will be expanded to include the investigation of circular functions and trigonometric equations and identities.  Additional topics covered include imaginary and complex numbers; families of functions including polynomial, absolute value, radical, trigonometric, exponential, and logarithmic; direct and indirect variation; systems of equations; data analysis using measures of dispersion, regression analysis and correlation coefficients; arithmetic and geometric sequences; binomial experiments; probability and the normal distribution.    



              Grades: 11-12  Length: 1 Year 1 Credit Students may earn 4 GCC Credits

    Math 140 Pre-calculus is a full year course for 4 GCC credits, with a final given in June.  Topics covered include:  application problems involving polynomial, rational, exponential, logarithmic and trigonometric functions and their inverses; application problems involving right triangle trigonometry, trigonometric values of any angle expressed in radians or degrees, and inverse trigonometry values of any number in the domain of that function; construction and analysis of graphs of the form y = Asin(Bx + C) + D or Acos(Bx + C) + D and y = tan(x) to solve problems; use of  trigonometric identities to rewrite trigonometric expressions and verify other complex identities; finding solutions to trigonometric equations over a stated interval by collecting terms, factoring, or extracting square roots; and application of the law of sines and cosines to solve problems involving acute and obtuse triangles.


    MATH 141 CALCULUS       Grade: 12   Length: 1 Year  1 Credit Students may earn 4 GCC Credits

    Math 141 Calculus is a full year course for 4 GCC credits with a final given in June.  Topics covered include:  functions of a single variable with regard to limits, continuity, differentiation (explicit and implicit), anti-differentiation, and applications of these topics. Applications include intervals of increase/decrease, positive/negative concavity, rate problems and optimal values.    Concludes with a study of the definite integral and the fundamental theorem of calculus. 





    The music department offers a variety of opportunities for all students. The performance organizations including bands, orchestras, and choirs and comprise the main portion of the program, along with music theory.



    05102 CONCERT BAND        Grades: 7-12   Length: 1 Year    .5 Credit                                 Courses in Concert Band are designed to promote students’ technique for playing brass, woodwind, and percussion instruments and cover a variety of band literature styles, primarily for concert performances.


    55137         GENERAL MUSIC      Grades: 7-8   Length: 1 Year                      

    In this class, we will study music theory (how music is put together), music history (how music has evolved), music appreciation (knowing what and how to listen), and composition (writing music). We will have units of learning to play the guitars and keyboards and also doing numerous group and individual projects on music in our world today. Throughout the course, we will also look at music from different cultures and how music is used by other peoples.


    05110        JUNIOR/SENIOR HIGH CHORUS   Grades: 7-12  Length: 1 Year   .5


    Chorus courses provide the opportunity to sing a variety of choral literature styles for men’s and/or women’s voices and are designed to develop vocal techniques and the ability to sing parts.


                                   WIND ENSEMBLE                 Grades: 7-12  Length: ½ Year   .5 Credit

    The Wind Ensemble, is a select group of wind, brass, and percussion players whose membership is determined by an audition. The audition takes place in February of each year. Students not selected for the Wind Ensemble take Concert Band. In school instrumental lessons are required as a part of the Wind Ensemble program. The Wind Ensemble performs a wide selection of musical compositions throughout the year. Membership in either Concert Band or Wind

    Ensemble is required to participate in Jazz Band or Jazz Ensemble (guitar, piano, bass excluded). Wind Ensemble members may also take Concert Band. 


    05113         MUSIC THEORY                  Grades: 9-12  Length: ½ Year  .5 Credit

    The Music Theory course provides students with an understanding of the fundamentals of music and includes one or more of the following topics: composition, arrangement, analysis, aural development, and sight reading.






    Physical Education

    Each student is required to take physical education each semester in attendance.  The student earns ¼ credit each semester towards the New York State mandated requirement for graduation. The sequential physical education program includes a variety of activities with an emphasis on personal fitness but designed to promote growth in the psychomotor (motor skills) cognitive (knowledge, and understanding), and affective (attitude and appreciation) domains.



    08001       PHYSICAL EDUCATION – GRADES 9-10 & GRADES 11-12  

    Length: 1 Year  .5 Credit                                                                                 

    The Physical Education course provides students with knowledge, experience, and an opportunity to develop skills in more than one of the following sports or activities: team sports, individual/dual sports, recreational sports, and fitness/conditioning activities.


    The grades 9-10 course is designed to develop fitness and promote growth in knowledge, skills, and appreciation of the following: exercise, physiology, soccer, football, volleyball, basketball, weight training, dance, softball, and cooperative games.


    The grades 11-12 course is a continued emphasis on wellness and growth in knowledge, skill, and appreciation of team sports and lifetime activities such as archery, golf, cooperative games, yoga, aerobics, square dance, pickle ball, badminton and cross-country skiing.  


    08007         ADAPTIVE PHYSICAL EDUCATION             Grades: 9-12   

    Length: 1 Year    .5 Credit

    This course provides physical education activities (sports, fitness, and conditioning) adapted for students with special needs.


    08099        HIGH SCHOOL HEALTH EDUCATION        Grades: 10-12  

    Length: ½ Year   .5 Credit             

    Emphasizes reasons and strategies for assuming responsibility for maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Focuses on lifestyle factors and their relationships to well-being, behaviors, and disease. Includes health and wellness, stress, drug, alcohol and tobacco use and abuse, nutrition and weight control, cardiovascular health, physical fitness, healthy relationships, sexuality, birth control, sexually transmitted diseases, safety education (identifying dangerous environments, preventing child abduction, fire and arson), communication skills for productive relationships.


    58051        JUNIOR HIGH HEALTH EDUCATION           

    Basic to health education is a foundation of knowledge about the inter-relationship of behavior and health, interactions within the human body, and the prevention of diseases and other health problems. Experiencing physical, mental/emotional, social, spiritual and vocational changes as one grows and develops, provides a self-contained “learning laboratory.” Comprehension of health-promotion strategies and disease prevention concepts enables students to become health literate, self-directed learners which establish a foundation for leading healthy and productive lives.              


    In the 21st century global community, science literacy is more important than ever. This is true regardless of one’s interests or anticipated career. All students at Elba are required to take 4 credits of Science. The science department offers a variety of courses at each level to provide for the specific needs and desires of each student. All Regents, and Advanced Placement courses, and most core courses carry a laboratory requirement. For those classes ending in a Regents exam this includes performing a minimum of 1200 minutes of laboratory exercises and submitting acceptable written reports based on those exercises. Failure to meet the minimum laboratory requirements prevents the student from taking the final exam, and results in a failing grade.


    03051         LIVING ENVIRONMENT    Grade: 9 Length: 1 Year  1 Credit 

    The Living Environment course is a survey of life course that provides a broad understanding of fundamental principles of biology and human impact on the environment. Students will understand and apply scientific concepts, principles, and theories pertaining to the living environment and recognize the historical development of ideas in science. These courses include (but are not restricted to) such topics as ecology, evolution, cell structure and function, general plant and animal physiology, genetics, and taxonomy. This is a traditional laboratory course. Laboratory exercises are designed to illustrate and reinforce course topics. Final exam - N.Y.S. Regents.


     03051L           LIVING ENVIRONMENT LABORATORY      Grade: 9  Length: 1


    Living Environment Laboratory courses provide hands-on experiments designed to supplement instruction in Living Environment courses. It includes the four state required lab activities students are required to complete to be eligible for the NYS Living
    Environment Regents exam.


    03001        PHYSICAL SETTING / EARTH SCIENCE     Grade: 10  Length: 1

    Year  1 Credit                                                                      

    The Earth Science course offers insight into the environment on earth and the earth’s environment in space. While presenting the concepts and principles essential to students’ understanding of the dynamics and history of the earth, these courses usually explore oceanography, geology, astronomy, meteorology, and geography. Major topics include: observing and measuring the environment, a model of the earth, solar energy and weather, forces that shape the earth, geologic history of the earth, and basic astronomy. Final exam - N.Y.S. Regents.


    03001L    EARTH SCIENCE LABORATORY   Grade: 10   Length: 1 Year

    Earth Science Laboratory courses provide hands-on experiments designed to supplement instruction in Earth Science courses.


    03101        PHYSICAL SETTING / CHEMISTRY     Grade: 11   Length: 1 Year  

    1 Credit

    The Chemistry course involves studying the composition, properties, and reactions of substances. This course typically explores such concepts as the behaviors of solids, liquids, and gases; acid/base and oxidation/reduction reactions; and atomic structure. Chemical formulas and equations and nuclear reactions are also studied. Final exam - N.Y.S. Regents.



    Length: 1 Year

    Chemistry Laboratory courses provide hands-on experiments designed to supplement instruction in Chemistry courses.


    03151         PHYSICAL SETTING / PHYSICS             Grade: 12  Length: 1 Year 

    1 Credit                                                                               

    The Physics course involves the study of the forces and laws of nature affecting matter, such as equilibrium, motion, momentum, and the relationships between matter and energy. The study of physics includes examination of sound, light, and magnetic and electric phenomena. Laboratory work allows the student to take an active role in discovering the laws of physics in these areas. Final exam - N.Y.S. Regents.


    03151L      PHYSICS LABORATORY             Grade: 12  Length: 1 Year 

    Physics Laboratory courses provide hands-on experiments designed to supplement instruction in Physics courses.



                    SCIENCE            Grade: 11& 12           Length: 1 Year          1 Credit

    In AP Environmental Science, students conduct field and laboratory investigations, use scientific methods during investigations, and make informed decisions using critical thinking and scientific problem solving. The course is interdisciplinary, focusing on both rigorous scientific analysis as well as sociological and political aspects. AP Environmental Science encompasses a wide variety of topics including: biotic and abiotic factors in habitats; ecosystems and biomes; interrelationships among resources in environmental systems; sources and flow of energy though an environmental system; relationship between carrying capacity and changes in populations and ecosystems; man’s influence on the environment; and changes in environments.



    ADVANCED PLACEMENT (AP) BIOLOGY Grade: 12  Length: 1 Year  1 Credit

    In AP Biology, students will investigate biological concepts based on four major big ideas: 1) Evolution and how it drives the diversity & unity of life; 2) The use of free energy and matter to grow, reproduce and maintain homeostasis; 3) How living things store, retrieve, transmit, and respond to information and 4) The complexity of interactions between biological systems. Developing science practices will also be a strong emphasis of the course and the exam will be the focus of the laboratory portion of the class. End of year exam: AP Biology exam.









    Social Studies

    Social Studies is the integrated study of the social sciences and humanities intended to promote civic competence. The focus of the Elba JSHS program is on concept and skill mastery through investigation of content appropriate to each course of study. Social Studies draws upon such disciplines as anthropology, archaeology, economics, geography, history, law, philosophy, political science, psychology, religion, belief systems, and sociology.


    54437         SOCIAL STUDIES 7 54438 SOCIAL STUDIES 8       


    General Course Objectives:

    • The grades 7-8 course builds on and seeks to reinforce skills, concepts and content understandings introduced in the K-6 program.
    • Provide a solid content base in American History for Regents US History.
    • To use a variety of intellectual skills to demonstrate understandings of major ideas, themes and turning points in United States History.
    • Social Studies content in grades 7 and 8 focuses on a chronologically organized study of United States and New York State history. Course content is divided into 11 units, tracing the human experience in the United States from pre-Columbian times to the present and tying political, geographic, economic and social trends in United States history to parallel trends and trends.
    • State Examination: Students are assessed by New York State at the culmination of the course for assessment of demand for AIS services for Global History and Geography Regents course in 9th


    04051        GLOBAL HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY 9    Length: 1 Year 

    Grade: 9  1 Credit                                                                          

    Students are engaged in the exploration of several aspects of social science including anthropology, geography, and political philosophy, not just history. Students experience history and culture through a range of activities including textbook and primary source reading, debates, role-plays, class projects and presentations and film studies. Important skills like writing, critical analysis, research and organization are emphasized. Students develop an appreciation for diversity and global citizenship, as well as an intellectual curiosity important to their high school career. Final exam - local.


    04052         GLOBAL HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY 10    Length: 1 Year   Grade: 10   1 Credit

    This course continues the chronological study of world history and geography from the Middle Ages through present day. Students will continue to explore several aspects of social science as they experience the history and culture of a wide range of people from around the world. Projects, debates, class discussions and traditional assessments will reinforce reading and writing assignments from text books, primary source documents and current events articles. As students develop an understanding of the links between the past and present, they will be preparing for the NYS Regents exam. This exam covers material from the 9th and 10th grade courses. Final exam - NYS Regents.



    04057         AP World History         Grade: 10 & 12          Length: 1 Year   1 Credit

    This course highlights the nature of changes in world history and their causes and consequences, as well as comparisons among major societies. There is an emphasis on relevant factual knowledge, leading interpretive issues, and skills in analyzing types of historical evidence. Students will explore several time periods and discuss change and continuity throughout the course. Students will develop skills necessary to arrive at conclusions based on informed judgment and to effectively communicate their findings. Students must be strong readers, and must be capable of working independently. The demands on the students are equivalent to those made by college courses, and will culminate in the national AP exam in World History given in May. Find out more at Students will also be required  to take the NY State Regents Exam in Global History & Geography in June as the final exam for the course. 



              Length: 1 Year          1 Credit                   

    This course follows the history of the United States from the colonial period to the present. Following the New York State Standards, students will further develop their understanding of our nation’s history through a variety of activities including class discussions, simulations, research assignments, projects, thematic and DBQ essay writing as well as multiple choice tests. Topics covered include history and function of the U.S. Constitution; the age of reform in antebellum America; the Civil War, Reconstruction and the age of big business; as well as strong emphasis on 20th century foreign and domestic policy. Final exam - NYS Regents.


    SOCIAL STUDIES 12    Grade: 12      Length: 1 Year   1 Credit

    This course has combined the former senior classes of Economics and Participation in Government, enabling more flexibility between the two courses.  Many of the topics deal with current issues, which integrate the use of politics and the economy.  Students will focus on these issues and learn how the average citizen actively participates in both the economic world as well as the political world.  Students will also learn how to organize and complete college level research projects.


    SOCIOLOGY     Grade: 11-12   Length: ½ Year   .5 Credit            Students may earn 3 GCC Credits                                                                     

    This is a college level sociology course taught by Susan Drexal from Genesee Community College and facilitated by Michael Cintorino. Students taking this course will receive both college credit as well as a portion of high school credit. Students will be provided time to work on college content during the week as well as conducting experiments, activities and projects in the classroom. Sociology studies social patterns affecting the structure and functioning of group life such as cultural values, deviance, class structure, and social change. It examines methods and perspectives sociologists employ, and the ways group forces influence the individual in society.


    PSYCHOLOGY Grade: 11-12  Length: ½ Year  .5 Credit Students may earn 3 GCC Credits                                                                                         

    This is a college level psychology course taught by Tim Tomczak from Genesee Community College and facilitated by Michael Cintorino. Students taking this course will receive both college credit as well as a portion of high school credit. Students will be provided time to work on college content during the week as well as conducting experiments, activities, and projects in the classroom. This introductory psychology course introduces the scientific study of human and animal behavior. Topics include basic methodology, motivation, learning, memory, human development, personality, psychological disorders, and therapy.


                    LEADERSHIP    Grade: 12       Length: ½ Year         .5 Credit

    In this elective course, students will use a variety of resources to understand what traits an effective leader has. Through these traits, students will study different role models (both good and bad) throughout history and analyze their actions. Students will take on these character and leadership traits themselves and hopefully pass them on to others around them.


    ADVANCED PLACEMENT (AP) UNITED STATES HISTORY   Grade: 12   Length: 1 Year   1 Credit                 

    Advanced Placement United States History is a one year college-level survey course focusing on the study of American History. The course is divided into nineteen units which focus on time periods ranging from colonial America to modern America. Each unit will emphasize various themes throughout American history which include focuses on culture, economy, environment, politics, reform, religions, and the individual. Throughout the course, students will be expected to understand the diversity of America, the development of the unique American identity, the evolution of American culture, economic trends and transformations, social reform movements, the role of religion in making the United States, the history of slavery and its legacies in this hemisphere and war and diplomacy. These ideas will emphasize the basic course themes by identifying various causes which influenced the evolution of the United States of America. Students will demonstrate their knowledge of a specific theme by logically connecting their knowledge of the American past to the historical time period being discussed. This course is designed to prepare students for intermediate and advanced college courses.



    State Examination: Students will sit for the Advanced Placement United States History Exams as a requirement for graduation. 



    Technology courses are designed to accommodate students of widely varying interest and academic abilities. Students may elect to take courses such as CAD/Drafting, Construction and Architecture, Basic Electricity/Electronics or Web Design. All technology courses are taught in the Technology Computers Lab. All technology classes are designed to be at least 75% hands-on. Students leave technology course with knowledge and transferable skills learned on industry standard software and equipment.


    Two technology courses may be combined to fulfill a unit of credit in Math.          


    Middle School Level (7)



    Technology 7: Available to Grade 7


    Length of Course: ½ year


    General Course Objective:  A introduction to all aspects of technology, including history, using basic tools & power machines, measurement, and problem solving.


    Course Content:  Students will explore the history of technology by studying inventions.  Basic hand tools and machines will be utilized after completing safety requirements.  Other topics include: problem solving, structures, technological resources, measurement, Photoshop, internet safety, Energy, Forces, structures, technological resources, simple machines, robotics, and game development.


    High School Level (9-12)



    Basic Electricity/Electronics: Elective Grades 8-12                                     (Offered with Robotics 19-20)


    Length of Course: One semester, ½ credit Math


    General Course Objective: To provide an introduction to electricity/electronics at home, workplace, etc. with a focus on safety. 


    Course Content: The units include: home applications, safety education, tools and hardware, electrical diagrams, circuit boards, soldering, electrical theory, low-voltage systems, sources of electricity, lighting, electric lines and wiring, heating devices, circuits, circuit construction, lab experimentation, use of electrical test equipment and electrical equipment and making various electric projects/kits. 


    Prerequisite: None




    Construction & Architecture:  Elective Grades 8-12                      (Offered with Small Engines 20-21)


    Length of Course: One semester, ½ credit


    General Course Objective: To provide the students the opportunity to see/use different construction and design aspects.


    Course Content: Site selection, foundations, types of structures, framing, roofing, siding, windows, doors, flooring, stairs, interior wall coverings, insulation, plumbing, electrical work, heating, maintenance, tools, machines, materials and careers.  Students will build a scale model building.  Specific tools and machine safety is presented for all activities taught in the class.


    Prerequisite: Material Processing




    Technical Drawing/CAD:  Elective Grades 8-12


    Length of Course: Full Year, 1 credit Art, (GCC Credit Offered)


    General Course Objective: A background and introduction to the world of technical drawing is provided.  Applications of basic skills are then implemented.


    Course Content: Universal language, branches of drawing, tools/equipment, lettering, sketching, one- and two-view drawing, dimensioning, three-view drawing, geometric constructions, sectioning, isometric, auxiliary view, developments (patterns) drawing reproduction, introduction to CAD (Computer Assisted Drawing).  Students will work on various activities using drafting equipment and supplies furnished by the school.  New drafting machines and introduction to CAD make technical drawing a practical, modern technology course with the use of 3d modeling software. This course designs the product then makes the model of the product to see the final visual outcome.


     Prerequisite: None




    Energy:  Elective Grades 8-12                                                           (Offered with Manufacturing 20-21)


    Length of Course: One semester, ½ credit Math


    General Course Objective: To gain experience and understanding while working with several forms of energy, including solar, hydroelectric, mechanical, heat and electric.


    Course Content: Students will build projects relating to many different forms of energy.  They will explore alternative energy sources and look into the energy needs and natural resource depletion in the United States.  Problem-solving and design will be incorporated into the course.


    Prerequisite: None




    Manufacturing:  Elective Grades 8-12                                             (Offered with Energy 20-21)


    Length of Course: One semester, ½ credit Math, (GCC Credit Offered)


    General Course Objective: To guide the student through the manufacturing of a product.


    Course Content: Students will form their own company, elect officers, design a product, select methods of construction, build prototypes, mass produce the item and practice quality control.  They will use tools and machines safely to do all aspects of construction.


    Prerequisite: Material Processing





    Robotics: Elective Grades 8-12                                                          (Offered with Electronics 19-20)


    Length of Course: One semester, ½ credit Math


    General Course Objective: To gain a basic knowledge and understanding of robotics and the robotics industry including career paths.


    Course Content: Students will explore mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, electric and programmable robots.  Model robots will be built for competitions with mechanical and hydraulic robotic arms.  Students will also use Fischertechniks, VEX, LEGO robotics system to build models and program robots to do various tasks.  There is a lot of problem-solving and designing involved in this course.


    Prerequisite: Electronics




    Small Engines:  Elective Grades 8-12                                               (Offered with Constructions 20-21)


    Length of Course: One semester, ½ credit


    General Course Objective: To familiarize students with all types of small engines.


    Course Content: Engine manufacturers, sizes, types, parts, systems, diagnosis, maintenance, testing, repair, test equipment, fuels, oils, tools, equipment and safety.

    1. Students will work on various small engines and learn to trouble shoot problems.
    2. Students will dismantle, analyze and reassemble four- and two-cycle engines.


    Prerequisite: None




    Material Processing:  Elective Grades 8-12                                      (Offered with Transportation 19-20)


    Length of Course: One semester, ½ credit


    General Course Objective: To explore the world of Woods, Metals, and Plastics.


    Course Content: Woods: Types of wood, design, planning, hand tools and machines, adhesives, clamps, wood joints, abrasives, fasteners, stains and finishes.  Metals: Alloys, design, planning, machines, adhesives, welding, joints, abrasives, fasteners, finishes.  Plastics: Thermoplastic vs. Thermoset, design, planning, materials, machines, adhesives, welding, joints, abrasives, fasteners, finishes.  Students will choose wood, metal, and plastic items to build.  They will operate tools and machines safely, and learn to conserve resources.


    Prerequisite: None




    Transportation:  Elective Grades 8-12                                 (Offered with Materials Processing 19-20)


    Length of Course: One semester, ½ credit


    General Course Objective: To explore Transportation systems from three perspectives: land, marine and aerospace.


    Course Content

    1. Land: types of vehicles, vehicle design and safety, highways, map reading, operator and service manuals, small engines, materials, tools, machines, fuels and lubricants.
    2. Marine: waterways, vehicles (ex.: inboard, outboard, sail), construction, navigation, maintenance and repair.
    3. Aerospace: kites, balloons, planes, rockets, space program, power sources.


    Prerequisite: None




    Web Design:  Elective Grades 8-12


    Length of Course: One semester, ½ credit


    General Course Objective: To gain skills in web design and development, including interactivity, graphics, and animations.


    Course Content: Students will learn several methods to create great web pages and sites, including coding with html, and JavaScript, and what you see is what you get (wysiwyg) software such as Adobe Dreamweaver. They will explore what makes a good web site, how to make it accessible to those with disabilities, how to create graphics and how to make the web site interactive. Other software programs that will be used are Paint Shop Pro, Adobe PhotoShop, and Flash. The major project for this course would be creating a web site for an organization of your choice.


    Prerequisite: Communications





    BioTechnology:  Elective Grades 11-12


    Length of Course: One semester, ½ credit


    General Course Objective: To gain skills in medical manufacturing, including life science, medical equipment, Research and Development.


    Course Content: Students will learn the career pathways in life science Technology, including medical devices, Therapeutics, Research and Development, and Diagnostics. Students will use these tools/skills given to perform biotechnology tasks. Some things the class will complete are research/development and real technology involving medical equipment. A major on going project would be various methods of plant growth. This could include tours to hospitals, higher education institutions, and life science firms.


    Prerequisite: None




    Communications:  Elective Grades 8-12                               (Offered with Intro to Engineering 20-21)


    Length of Course: One semester, ½ credit


    General Course Objective: To gain skills in audio and video production, including editing, filming, digital animation, and communication.


    Course Content: Students will learn the career pathways in audio and video Technology, including video and audio editing with industry standards “Vegas” software. Students will use these tools/skills given to perform news broadcasts to the school. Some video things the class will complete are filming, script writing, editing, video design, and web page design. The class will also include audio development in advertisements. Overall the course will deal greatly in communication designs using industry standard Adobe Design Premium CS3 and Sony Movie Studio Platinum. 


    Prerequisite: None




    Intro to Engineering:  Elective Grades 9-12                                     (Offered with Communications 20-21)


    Length of Course: One semester, ½ credit, (GCC Credit Offered)


    General Course Objective: To introduce students to problem-solving skills using the design and production process for hands-on labs and 3d drawings in all engineering areas.


    Course Content: Students will learn engineering concepts from all engineering areas: mechanical, biomedical, civil, environmental, chemical, computer, electrical, aerospace, nuclear, and architectural. This course will use math tools are used to solve engineering problems.


    Prerequisite: None




    Advance Design:  Elective Grades 9-12                                (Offered with Home Maintenance 19-20)


    Length of Course: One semester, ½ credit


    General Course Objective: To introduce students to a large amount of problems that can be related to future real-world uses.


    Course Content: Students will learn multiple technology concepts ranging from drawings, problem solving, robotics, engineering, design, and safety.


    Prerequisite: None






    Advance Woodworking:  Elective Grades 10-12                


    Length of Course: One semester, ½ credit


    General Course Objective: To work with wood in new product creation and repair.


    Course Content: Students will learn multiple jointing techniques, repair practices, and material finishes.


    Prerequisite: Material Processing





    Home Maintenance:  Elective Grades 9-12                          (Offered with Advance Design 19-20)


    Length of Course: One semester, ½ credit


    General Course Objective: To introduce students to multiple real-world home uses concepts.


    Course Content: Students will work on problems related to home use.  Concepts ranging from but not limited to: slow/backed up sink, roof leaking, energy savings, hanging things on the wall, wall repair, outside lawn/yard maintenance, and general house up kept. The majority of the class will be in the work lab solving problems following all safety guidelines and building codes.


    Prerequisite: None



    Supplemental Learning Supports and Services  


    Academic Intervention Services are designed to help students achieve the learning standards in English Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Studies and Science.  Students failing a course that has implications for failing a state assessment will be given academic intervention services.  Students who fail a state assessment required for graduation will also receive services. Teacher recommendations will also be used for placements in AIS courses. Content area teachers provide individual or small group instruction in core areas. Some samples of academic intervention services are as follows:

    • AIS Math, ELA, Social Studies, and Science
    • Counseling Support Group

    To enable student to pass a mandated New York State exam

    Course Content:  AIS is designed to help students pass their New York State Regents and grade level examinations.  Students may work on required assignments for an individual class, but generally concentrate on specific skills necessary to pass their required exams.



    RESOURCE ROOM  (SPECIAL EDUCATION)                                                                                                                  The Resource Room (RR) primarily provides support for students classified by the Committee on Special Education who participate in regular education classes who require supplementary instruction and strategies to maintain or improve academic performance.  The focus of the Resource Room is to reinforce, review, and encourage skills necessary to study, organize, problem solve, reason, read, write, compute, and communicate.  Students participate in activities that help determine appropriate post-secondary options by evaluating their general interests and future goals.  The Resource Room promotes self-advocacy, enhances self-reliance, fosters independent learning, and guides students to plan for their transition from high school to posthigh school choices.


    Students with a variety of disabilities are supported by their RR teachers and staff.  These services are tailored to individual student needs and may include services and programs from community agencies in addition to their Elba High School special education services.












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